CuO Nanoflakes Synthesized from E-Waste

The manufacturing of nitrogen oxide (NiO) enriched copper oxide (CuO) nanoflakes from discarded versatile printed circuit boards (FPCBs) using micro recycling strategies is the topic of a current paper printed within the journal Scientific Studies.

CuO Nanoflakes Synthesized from E-Waste

Examine: Worth-added fabrication of NiO-doped CuO nanoflakes from waste versatile printed circuit board for superior photocatalytic utility. Picture Credit score: KPixMining/

Digital rubbish (e-waste) disposal triggers quite a lot of environmental points. Nonetheless, exploiting this hazardous waste as a reservoir of worthwhile metals may very well be attainable. These metals can be salvaged and altered to be used in constructive functions, such because the creation of nanoparticles for hydrogen manufacturing via thermodynamic electrolysis of water.

Versatile Printed Circuit Boards (FPCBs): An Necessary E-Waste

As natural sources deplete, the economic sector should undertake inventive methods to switch conventional sources with waste-derived supplies. Digital waste (e-waste), which comprises quite a few valuable metals and non-metals, is without doubt one of the most troublesome waste sources.

Versatile printed circuit boards (FPCBs) are composed of greater than 99 % pure copper built-in with non-metals like polyamide and resins. To stop FPCBs from oxidation, a nickel-based resolution is usually utilized as a floor end, particularly at soldering websites.

FPCBs are manufactured in enormous sheets. They’re punched and chopped to the right measurement and form through the last manufacturing section, abandoning an enormous amount of waste wealthy in valuable copper (Cu) metallic. This Cu may very well be retrieved utilizing a thermal disengagement technique and employed in key industrial functions, together with the manufacturing of CuO nanoflakes.

Purposes of CuO Nanoflakes

CuO and Cu2O are semiconducting transitional metallic oxides of copper oxide. Cu2O has a direct bandgap of two.1 eV and is used to create superconductors, photovoltaic cells, and detectors.

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CuO, on the opposite aspect, is most popular for photoelectrochemical (PEC) functions due to its wonderful bodily sturdiness and excellent gentle absorption capabilities. CuO nanoflakes are relevant to water-splitting picture electrocatalytic reactions, biosensors, superconductors, photovoltaics, photocatalytic degradation, batteries, and photodiodes.

CuO bandgaps might be tuned from 1.2 to 1.7 eV. The semiconductor can take in the photo voltaic spectrum throughout a bigger spectrum of frequencies, making it an interesting candidate for photovoltaic gadgets.

Nonetheless, producing CuO nanoflakes is a really expensive operation. Because of this, acceptable methodologies for manufacturing CuO nanoflakes from waste merchandise corresponding to e-waste are urgently required.

Manufacturing of CuO Nanoflakes from PCB-based Waste Merchandise

On this examine, the researchers used a micro recycling method together with a coupled chemical method accompanied by a streamlined thermal path to create NiO-doped CuO nanoflakes from discarded FPCBs. The researchers additionally assessed the CuO nanoflakes’ potential as light-absorbing nanomaterials for energy technology functions.

Inductively coupled, plasma-based optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES) was used to find out the basic construction of the CuO nanoflakes. X-Ray photoelectron spectrometry (XPS) examination validated the composition of the CuO nanoflakes.

The section decision and crystalline nature of the CuO nanoflakes have been investigated utilizing X-Ray diffraction (XRD). A area emission scanning electron microscope (FE-SEM) was used to characterize the microstructures of the produced NiO-doped CuO nanoflakes.

Important Findings of the Analysis

On this work, the thermal decomposition and modification of waste FPCBs resulted within the efficient synthesis of pure-phase CuO nanoflakes. CuO nanoflakes have been created by doping FPCB e-waste with NiO. The existence of the Ni emulsification on the floor of the FPCB to defend it from excessive temperature resulted in in-situ NiO doping.

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The vitality change from one state to a different in as-prepared CuO nanoflakes is because of quantum isolation within the nanocrystal framework. The theoretical bandgap for an ideal water splitting materials is claimed to be 2 eV. Nonetheless, this vary fluctuates from 1.23 to three eV in follow.

For water splitting functions, the true bandgap of bulk CuO (1.2 eV) is deemed low, whereas the bandgap of NiO (3.8 eV) is thought to be excessive. Nonetheless, the CuO nanoflakes generated on this work have a visible and infrared reflectivity of 70-75 % and a bandgap of lower than 1.57 eV, making them a wonderful contender for vitality harvesting functions.

These discoveries are anticipated to stimulate future examine into using supplies produced from hazardous e-waste to synthesize high-value nanomaterials with excessive financial potential.


Hossain, R. et al. (2022). Worth-added fabrication of NiO-doped CuO nanoflakes from waste versatile printed circuit board for superior photocatalytic utility. Scientific Studies. Out there at:

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